Such harmful are the effects of pests and mosquitoes in this season of monsoon. Hence, dangers that these pests and insects cause during monsoon are many. But we can always prevent the dangers they cause by taking a few precautions ourselves.
Firstly, you can make efforts to keep your society clean. Before the rains begin, get all gutters cleaned. Any collection of water outside your house will allow mosquitoes to breed.
Similarly, contact with dirty water should be avoided as because most of the monsoon infections are water-borne and may cause fungal and bacterial infections.
Safeguard yourself and your children against those mosquitoes by making them wear long pants and long sleeve T-shirts.
Protect yourself against the water borne diseases. Dirty water mixed with soil and sewage during this time can cause infections too as it also becomes a favourite ground for pests. And any such overflowing ground water can contaminate the tap water too. Ensure you boil the water before use or use filtered water.
Eat freshly cooked food and do wash and clean the salads and any leafy vegetables to get rid of germs.
Maintain proper sanitary standards as poor sanitation is yet another major cause for the spread of infections and diseases during monsoons.
• The most common breeding area for these mosquitoes is stagnant water.
• Mosquitoes are also traced near the edge of slow moving water.
• Dim, shady and damp areas are their very favourite.
• Keep your bathroom clean and dry as a damp bathroom can attract earthworms.
• Water logged in flower pots inside the house.
1. 1:1 mixture of Coconut oil and Neem Oil – Neem oil keeps mosquitoes away from your body for at least 8 hours. It acts as a great indoor mosquito repellent. As Neem is an effective antibacterial, anti-fungal, antiviral and anti-protozoal agent, it lends your skin a particular smell that wards off mosquitoes. For best results mix it with equal amount of coconut oil and thoroughly apply on your skin.
2. Camphor – Camphor is extracted from a natural tree and is easily available ingredient in the household. Close the doors and windows of a room, light up camphor and within 20 minutes you’ll have a mosquito free environment.
3. Tulsi – It is most effective in killing the larvae and by not allowing mosquitoes to breed , thus preventing them from entering the house. Keep a Tulsi shrub close to the window and it’ll start its action.
4. Mint – Although Mint has a pleasant effect on our nose buds, mosquitoes are repelled by them. Either plant a shrub near the window, or apply its oil on the body or fill its extract in a vaporizer and place it in the room that you want mosquito proof.
5. Lavender – Humans love the effervescent scent of lavender but it makes insects unable to bite. Either apply plain lavender oil or mix it with a cream and apply or use lavender room freshener to keep the pesky insects away.
6. Citronella oil/extract – The extract of Citronella Grass is used as a freshener or is applied to the skin to not allow mosquitoes to come close.
Most common in tropical countries such as India, Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. It is a kind of “break-bone” fever, because symptoms mainly include joint and muscle pains, apart from fever and headache. A characteristic skin rash that is similar to measles is also observed. In a small proportion of cases the disease develops into the life-threatening dengue haemorrhagic fever, resulting in bleeding, low levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage, or into dengue shock syndrome, where dangerously low blood pressure occurs. Unfortunately, commercially available vaccines for dengue are not available, due to which prevention is the only viable option. Dengue became a global problem after the Second World War and is endemic in more than 110 countries. This means that the dengue virus does not need external inputs for its sustenance; populations of tropical countries such as India, Pakistan, Taiwan and Mexico are suitable hosts for the virus.
Dengue fever is transmitted by the bite of an Aedes mosquito infected with a dengue virus. These mosquitoes thrive in and near human lodgings and can carry four different types of dengue viruses. When a mosquito bites a person infected with a dengue virus, the virus enters the mosquito. When the infected mosquito then bites another person, the virus enters that person’s bloodstream. Once infected, the mosquito remains infected for its life span. There is, however, no human-to-human dengue fever transmission. An important point which is often overlooked is that once you recover from dengue fever, you have immunity to the virus that infected you — but not to the other three dengue fever viruses. The risk of developing dengue haemorrhagic fever actually increases if you’re infected a second, third or fourth time.
Several cases of dengue fever are reported around monsoon, some of which are even fatal. The health department in the religious town of Varanasi has already put precautionary measures in place, with July designated as the anti-dengue month. The divisional hospital has created an eight-bed dengue ward to meet any eventuality. Cases of dengue are generally reported between mid-August and October. The Pune Municipal Corporation, too, has issued notices to five construction houses for not following sanitation norms and thereby providing breeding ground for mosquitoes responsible for spreading Dengue. Similar measures have been taken by the Delhi Government to keep the menace of Dengue at bay.
Because dengue fever is caused by a virus, there is no specific medicine or antibiotic to treat it. For typical dengue, the treatment is concerned with relief of the symptoms. Rest is of utmost importance, and so is fluid intake for hydration. Aspirin and anti-inflammatory drugs should only be taken under a doctor’s supervision because of the possibility of worsening bleeding complications. Drugs like Brufen and ibuprofen are a strict no!
In case of severe dengue fever, one might need Supportive care in a hospital and electrolyte replacement. The patient’s blood pressure needs to be monitored constantly and blood transfusion might be required to replace blood loss.
The main perpetrators of dengue are mosquitoes. Since there are no approved vaccines for the dengue virus, prevention depends on control of and protection from the bites of the mosquito that transmits it, since they are the vectors the dengue viruses require for transfer to humans. One can take the following precautionary measures against Dengue:
1. Water : The primary method of controlling responsible mosquito is by eliminating its habitats. This is done by getting rid of open sources of water, or by adding insecticides or biological control agents to these areas. Since mosquitoes often breed in stagnant water, reducing open collections of water is the most common control method.
2. Clothing : People can prevent mosquito bites by wearing clothing that fully covers the skin, using mosquito netting while resting, and/or the application of insect repellents.
It is very important to be aware of the causes and symptoms of dengue fever, else the patient’s condition worsens and the disease is bound to spread from other mosquitoes. In fact, dengue clusters have often been reported in rural India. Prevention is the only possible way to fight dengue and proper awareness is the key to good prevention and management of the endemic.
There is nothing more annoying than the buzzing mosquito next to your ear and knowing that it will leave you with a fresh bite on your skin. Yes! This pesky insect is more than an uninvited guest everyday at millions of households. The deadly diseases that these mosquitoes cause are Malaria, Dengue, Elephantiasis and Chikungunya to name a few. There are around 19 out of 45 deaths in the country due to the mosquito-bite.
Hence it becomes extremely important to prevent exposure to the mosquito bites. Every household is well equipped with natural remedies which can help prevent the mosquito attack indoors. Our everyday ingredients/materials will really help dealing with them in a simple yet effective way. Let’s see how.
1. Camphor – Camphor is extracted from a natural tree and is easily available ingredient in the household. Close the doors and windows of a room, light up camphor and within 20 minutes you’ll have a mosquito free environment.
2. Lavender – Humans love the effervescent scent of lavender but it makes insects unable to bite. Either apply plain lavender oil or mix it with a cream and apply or use lavender room freshener to keep the pesky insects away.
3. 1:1 mixture of Coconut oil and Neem Oil – Neem oil keeps mosquitoes away from your body for at least 8 hours. As Neem is an effective antibacterial, anti-fungal, antiviral and anti-protozoal agent, it lends your skin a particular smell that wards off mosquitoes. For best results mix it with equal amount of coconut oil and thoroughly apply on your skin.
4. Draining Stagnant Water – Storage of water is the breeding ground for the mosquitoes as they lay the larvae/eggs in the water. It is best to discard the water that gets collected around the plants, in the kitchen and anywhere around the house.
5. Plant Trees – Shrubs of Tulsi, Mint, Marigold, Trees of Lemon and Neem and planting Citronella grass are all extremely effective in preventing the breeding of mosquitoes
Even though summer season hasofficially started summertime pests don’t pay attention to our calendar. During summer months, many pests, such as ants, spiders, flies, cockroaches, wasps and even rodents, are much more active. And many of them are looking to find shelter from the hot summer sun in your cool, comfortable home. So what can you do to stop these annoying pests? Luckily for you,Pestostop will come to your rescue and help you in your fight against these pests this summer!
> Remove mosquitoes that get collected in the standing water: bird baths, clogged gutters, and pools not circulating water with a pump.
> Pests enter your home through torn window and sliding-door screens, so be sure to repair them immediately.
> Keeping shrubs and trees trimmed from your garden,home and surroundings will minimize pest nuisance issues
> Pests love to take advantage of the cracks that are in our homes so all exterior cracks that are around our windows, doors, air conditioning and water lines must be sealed.
> Your outdoor garbage area should be checked for pest activity regularly. Keep the area clean and uncluttered to keep these unwanted pests away.
> Keep your pets’ feeding and drinking area clear of leftover food, and make sure to change the water daily.
> Clean all countertops after each use, also being careful to clean up spills on flooring immediately, as food and drink remains will attract both ants and cockroaches.
> Keep food cabinets tidy. Seal opened packages inside containers to avoid unwanted access.
> Vacuum clean your floors on a regular basis.
> Keep bulk food products stored in sealed glass or plastic containers, and place garbage in bags within sealed trashcans.