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Diseases during monsoon

Water Borne: Cholera, Typhoid, Hepatitis A, Diarrhoea
Vector-borne: Malaria, dengue, haemorrhagic fever
Due to exposure to water/rain: Hypothermia, Respiratory tract infections, Leptospirosis
Sudden Drop in temperature may influence one's health especially of those who are allergic to cold or asthmatics. Viral respiratory tract infections are on the rise as we tend to get wet very often which again leads to bacterial infection.
Leptospirosis is an infectious disease that can occur in humans. High risk factors include close association with animals and dirty water. Diarrhoea results from viral infections, bacterial infections, or parasitic infestations. These pathogens typically reach the large intestine after entering orally, through ingestion of contaminated food or water, oral contact with contaminated objects or hands, and so on. It can be managed by maintaining fluids by using oral rehydration therapy. If this treatment cannot be adequately maintained due to vomiting or the profuseness of diarrhea, hospital admission may be required for intravenous fluid replacement. In severe cases it can lead to shock (low blood pressure), kidney failure. Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite. People with malaria often experience fever, chills, and flu-like illness. Left untreated, they may develop severe complications and die. Dengue fever is a disease caused by viruses that are transmitted to people by mosquitoes. Dengue fever usually causes fever (high, about 104 F-105 F), skin rash , and pain (headaches and often severe muscle and joint pains). The disease has also been termed "breakbone" or "dandy fever" because the unusually severe muscle and joint pains can make people assume distorted body positions or exaggerated walking movements in an effort to reduce their pain. Chikungunya is transmitted similarly to dengue fever and causes an illness with an acute febrile phase lasting two to five days, followed by a longer period of joint pains in the extremities; this pain may persist for years in some cases. Drowning is the leading cause of death in cases of flash floods and coastal floods. Glass debris and nails found in all sorts of floods cause small lacerations or punctures. Sometimes fatal injuries can occur during evacuation or during cleanup activities.
Electrocution and electric shocks can take place when there is flooding Road traffic accident: Monsoon season is here and brings increased riding hazards for motorcyclists and potential for accidents. Riders should know -- and practice -- proper risk management.
PRECAUTIONS

Such harmful are the effects of pests and mosquitoes in this season of monsoon. Hence, dangers that these pests and insects cause during monsoon are many. But we can always prevent the dangers they cause by taking a few precautions ourselves.

Firstly, you can make efforts to keep your society clean. Before the rains begin, get all gutters cleaned. Any collection of water outside your house will allow mosquitoes to breed.

Similarly, contact with dirty water should be avoided as because most of the monsoon infections are water-borne and may cause fungal and bacterial infections.

Safeguard yourself and your children against those mosquitoes by making them wear long pants and long sleeve T-shirts.

Protect yourself against the water borne diseases. Dirty water mixed with soil and sewage during this time can cause infections too as it also becomes a favourite ground for pests. And any such overflowing ground water can contaminate the tap water too. Ensure you boil the water before use or use filtered water.

Eat freshly cooked food and do wash and clean the salads and any leafy vegetables to get rid of germs.

Maintain proper sanitary standards as poor sanitation is yet another major cause for the spread of infections and diseases during monsoons.

SOURCES

• The most common breeding area for these    mosquitoes is stagnant water.

• Mosquitoes are also traced near the edge of slow moving water.

• Dim, shady and damp areas are their very favourite.

• Keep your bathroom clean and dry as a damp bathroom can attract earthworms.

• Water logged in flower pots inside the house.

 

Steps You Can Take On Your Own

During the monsoon season, standing water becomes a haven for many of the pests we have discussed. Do your best to remove all areas of standing water, and take note of any indicators of pest activity in your area. If you see any termite tubes near or on your building, then contact Sexton Pest Control immediately to take care of the problem.
Scorpions tend to be the most persistent and potentially dangerous pests that can suddenly take up residency in your home during monsoon season. Be careful when moving or lifting items in your basement, attic or garage during monsoon season as there may be scorpions. When you walk around outside your home during monsoon season, where foot protection that could protect you against an unexpected scorpion encounter.
If you clean up the areas surrounding your home or office, then you can eliminate habitats for just about any of the pests we have mentioned. Stacks of wood, piles of debris and piles of unused potting soil are going to invite pests. Prior to the start of monsoon season, you should take the time to eliminate as many pest habitats as possible to prevent your home or office from getting overrun.
Pestostop Pest Control is ready to help you battle the pests that come out during monsoon season. We can be there before, during and after the monsoons to make sure that all of the precautions are being taken to reduce or eliminate pest infestations. Our experts can give you advice on how to take care of your property to prevent monsoon pests, and we will use our expertise to create pest barriers that can protect you, your family and your employees from potential pest encounters.

Fight back dengue

Six home remedies to keep Mosquitoes away

Mosquitoes are hazardous to humanity being vectors of dengue, malaria and Chikungunya to name a few.  Many people turn to store bought insect repellents to keep mosquitoes away, but these insect repellents often contain a toxic pesticide that is dangerous to human health. In many cases, excessive use of pesticides makes the mosquitoes repellent to them and on the flip side many people are allergic to mosquito repellents.
We have a list of 6 home remedies to keep the pesky critters at bay.

1. 1:1 mixture of Coconut oil and Neem Oil – Neem oil keeps mosquitoes away from your body for at least 8 hours. It acts as a great indoor mosquito repellent. As Neem is an effective antibacterial, anti-fungal, antiviral and anti-protozoal agent, it lends your skin a particular smell that wards off mosquitoes. For best results mix it with equal amount of coconut oil and thoroughly apply on your skin.

2. Camphor – Camphor is extracted from a natural tree and is easily available ingredient in the household. Close the doors and windows of a room, light up camphor and within 20 minutes you’ll have a mosquito free environment.

3. Tulsi – It is most effective in killing the larvae and by not allowing mosquitoes to breed , thus preventing them from entering the house. Keep a Tulsi shrub close to the window and it’ll start its action.

4. Mint – Although Mint has a pleasant effect on our nose buds, mosquitoes are repelled by them. Either plant a shrub near the window, or apply its oil on the body or fill its extract in a vaporizer and place it in the room that you want mosquito proof.

5. Lavender – Humans love the effervescent scent of lavender but it makes insects unable to bite. Either apply plain lavender oil or mix it with a cream and apply or use lavender room freshener to keep the pesky insects away.

6.  Citronella oil/extract – The extract of Citronella Grass is used as a freshener or is applied to the skin to not allow mosquitoes to come close.

Dengue, The Monsoon Fever of India

Most common in tropical countries such as India, Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. It is a kind of “break-bone” fever, because symptoms mainly include joint and muscle pains, apart from fever and headache. A characteristic skin rash that is similar to measles is also observed. In a small proportion of cases the disease develops into the life-threatening dengue haemorrhagic fever, resulting in bleeding, low levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage, or into dengue shock syndrome, where dangerously low blood pressure occurs. Unfortunately, commercially available vaccines for dengue are not available, due to which prevention is the only viable option. Dengue became a global problem after the Second World War and is endemic in more than 110 countries. This means that the dengue virus does not need external inputs for its sustenance; populations of tropical countries such as India, Pakistan, Taiwan and Mexico are suitable hosts for the virus.

Causes

Dengue fever is transmitted by the bite of an Aedes mosquito infected with a dengue virus. These mosquitoes thrive in and near human lodgings and can carry four different types of dengue viruses. When a mosquito bites a person infected with a dengue virus, the virus enters the mosquito. When the infected mosquito then bites another person, the virus enters that person’s bloodstream. Once infected, the mosquito remains infected for its life span. There is, however, no human-to-human dengue fever transmission. An important point which is often overlooked is that once you recover from dengue fever, you have immunity to the virus that infected you — but not to the other three dengue fever viruses. The risk of developing dengue haemorrhagic fever actually increases if you’re infected a second, third or fourth time.
Several cases of dengue fever are reported around monsoon, some of which are even fatal. The health department in the religious town of Varanasi has already put precautionary measures in place, with July designated as the anti-dengue month. The divisional hospital has created an eight-bed dengue ward to meet any eventuality. Cases of dengue are generally reported between mid-August and October. The Pune Municipal Corporation, too, has issued notices to five construction houses for not following sanitation norms and thereby providing breeding ground for mosquitoes responsible for spreading Dengue. Similar measures have been taken by the Delhi Government to keep the menace of Dengue at bay.

Treatment

Because dengue fever is caused by a virus, there is no specific medicine or antibiotic to treat it. For typical dengue, the treatment is concerned with relief of the symptoms. Rest is of utmost importance, and so is fluid intake for hydration. Aspirin and anti-inflammatory drugs should only be taken under a doctor’s supervision because of the possibility of worsening bleeding complications. Drugs like Brufen and ibuprofen are a strict no!

In case of severe dengue fever, one might need Supportive care in a hospital and electrolyte replacement. The patient’s blood pressure needs to be monitored constantly and blood transfusion might be required to replace blood loss.

Preventive measures

The main perpetrators of dengue are mosquitoes.  Since there are no approved vaccines for the dengue virus, prevention depends on control of and protection from the bites of the mosquito that transmits it, since they are the vectors the dengue viruses require for transfer to humans. One can take the following precautionary measures against Dengue:

1. Water : The primary method of controlling responsible mosquito is by eliminating its habitats. This is done by getting rid of open sources of water, or by adding insecticides or biological control agents to these areas. Since mosquitoes often breed in stagnant water, reducing open collections of water is the most common control method.

2. Clothing : People can prevent mosquito bites by wearing clothing that fully covers the skin, using mosquito netting while resting, and/or the application of insect repellents.

It is very important to be aware of the causes and symptoms of dengue fever, else the patient’s condition worsens and the disease is bound to spread from other mosquitoes. In fact, dengue clusters have often been reported in rural India. Prevention is the only possible way to fight dengue and proper awareness is the key to good prevention and management of the endemic.

Here is why people die because of dengue ?

The increasing number of dengue cases in the capital has given rise to a panic among people. Even though dengue is life-threatening disease, it is easily preventable and manageable. It is caused by the bite of an infected Aedes Aegypti mosquito and a with the help of a few precautionary measures it is easily preventable. However, It is important to be aware of its complications and treatment. According to International guidelines, unless a patient’s platelet count is below 10,000, and there is spontaneous, active bleeding, no platelet transfusion is required. The outbreak of dengue in the Capital has given rise to extreme panic. Hospital beds are full and families are seen running around in search of platelets for transfusion. However what most people do not realize is that the first line of treatment for dengue is not platelet transfusion. It, in fact, does more harm than good if used in a patient whose counts are over 10,000. The primary cause of death in patients suffering from dengue is capillary leakage, which causes blood deficiency in the intravascular compartment, leading to multi-organ failure. At the first instance of plasma leakage from the intravascular compartment to the extravascular compartment, fluid replacement amounting to 20 ml per kg body weight per hour must be administered. This must be continued till the difference between the upper and lower blood pressure is over 40 mmHg, or the patient passes adequate urine. This is all that is required to treat the patient. Giving unnecessary platelet transfusion can make the patient more unwell.

How To Get Rid Of Mosquitoes At Home

There is nothing more annoying than the buzzing mosquito next to your ear and knowing that it will leave you with a fresh bite on your skin. Yes! This pesky insect is more than an uninvited guest everyday at millions of households. The deadly diseases that these mosquitoes cause are Malaria, Dengue, Elephantiasis and Chikungunya to name a few. There are around 19 out of 45 deaths in the country due to the mosquito-bite.

Hence it becomes extremely important to prevent exposure to the mosquito bites. Every household is well equipped with natural remedies which can help prevent the mosquito attack indoors. Our everyday ingredients/materials will really help dealing with them in a simple yet effective way. Let’s see how.

Bug Off Dengue - a campaign to spread awareness among people about dengue

1. Camphor – Camphor is extracted from a natural tree and is easily available ingredient in the household. Close the doors and windows of a room, light up camphor and within 20 minutes you’ll have a mosquito free environment.

2. Lavender – Humans love the effervescent scent of lavender but it makes insects unable to bite. Either apply plain lavender oil or mix it with a cream and apply or use lavender room freshener to keep the pesky insects away.

3. 1:1 mixture of Coconut oil and Neem Oil – Neem oil keeps mosquitoes away from your body for at least 8 hours. As Neem is an effective antibacterial, anti-fungal, antiviral and anti-protozoal agent, it lends your skin a particular smell that wards off mosquitoes. For best results mix it with equal amount of coconut oil and thoroughly apply on your skin.

4. Draining Stagnant Water – Storage of water is the breeding ground for the mosquitoes as they lay the larvae/eggs in the water. It is best to discard the water that gets collected around the plants, in the kitchen and anywhere around the house.

5. Plant Trees – Shrubs of Tulsi, Mint, Marigold, Trees of Lemon and Neem and planting Citronella grass are all extremely effective in preventing the breeding of mosquitoes 

Tips to Pest-Proof Your Home this Summer

Even though summer season hasofficially started summertime pests don’t pay attention to our calendar. During summer months, many pests, such as ants, spiders, flies, cockroaches, wasps and even rodents, are much more active. And many of them are looking to find shelter from the hot summer sun in your cool, comfortable home. So what can you do to stop these annoying pests? Luckily for you,Pestostop will come to your rescue and help you in your fight against these pests this summer!

Outdoor

>  Remove mosquitoes that get collected in the standing water: bird baths, clogged gutters, and pools not circulating water with a pump.

> Pests enter your home through torn window and sliding-door screens, so be sure to repair them immediately.

>  Keeping shrubs and trees trimmed from your garden,home and surroundings will minimize pest nuisance issues

>  Pests love to take advantage of the cracks that are in our homes so all exterior cracks that are around our windows, doors, air conditioning and water lines must be sealed.

>  Your outdoor garbage area should be checked for pest activity regularly. Keep the area clean and uncluttered to keep these unwanted pests away.

Indoor:

> Keep your pets’ feeding and drinking area clear of leftover food, and make sure to change the water daily.

> Clean all countertops after each use, also being careful to clean up spills on flooring immediately, as food and drink remains will attract both ants and cockroaches.

> Keep food cabinets tidy. Seal opened packages inside containers to avoid unwanted access.

> Vacuum clean your floors on a regular basis.

> Keep bulk food products stored in sealed glass or plastic containers, and place garbage in bags within sealed trashcans.