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There is nothing more annoying than the buzzing mosquito next to your ear and knowing that it will leave you with a fresh bite on your skin. Yes! This pesky insect is more than an uninvited guest everyday at millions of households. The deadly diseases that these mosquitoes cause are Malaria, Dengue, Elephantiasis and Chikungunya to name a few. There are around 19 out of 45 deaths in the country due to the mosquito-bite.
Hence it becomes extremely important to prevent exposure to the mosquito bites. Every household is well equipped with natural remedies which can help prevent the mosquito attack indoors. Our everyday ingredients/materials will really help dealing with them in a simple yet effective way. Let’s see how.
Mosquitoes are hazardous to humanity being vectors of dengue, malaria and Chikungunya to name a few. Many people turn to store bought insect repellents to keep mosquitoes away, but these insect repellents often contain a toxic pesticide that is dangerous to human health. In many cases, excessive use of pesticides makes the mosquitoes repellent to them and on the flip side many people are allergic to mosquito repellents.
The positive effect of natural ingredients is that they do not impart any side effects and the mosquitoes don’t easily grow resistant to them. Keep your family healthy and in a mosquito free environment using these home remedies.
Most common in tropical countries such as India, Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. It is a kind of “break-bone” fever, because symptoms mainly include joint and muscle pains, apart from fever and headache. A characteristic skin rash that is similar to measles is also observed. In a small proportion of cases the disease develops into the life-threatening dengue haemorrhagic fever, resulting in bleeding, low levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage, or into dengue shock syndrome, where dangerously low blood pressure occurs. Unfortunately, commercially available vaccines for dengue are not available, due to which prevention is the only viable option. Dengue became a global problem after the Second World War and is endemic in more than 110 countries. This means that the dengue virus does not need external inputs for its sustenance; populations of tropical countries such as India, Pakistan, Taiwan and Mexico are suitable hosts for the virus.
Dengue fever is transmitted by the bite of an Aedes mosquito infected with a dengue virus. These mosquitoes thrive in and near human lodgings and can carry four different types of dengue viruses. When a mosquito bites a person infected with a dengue virus, the virus enters the mosquito. When the infected mosquito then bites another person, the virus enters that person’s bloodstream. Once infected, the mosquito remains infected for its life span. There is, however, no human-to-human dengue fever transmission. An important point which is often overlooked is that once you recover from dengue fever, you have immunity to the virus that infected you — but not to the other three dengue fever viruses. The risk of developing dengue haemorrhagic fever actually increases if you’re infected a second, third or fourth time.
Several cases of dengue fever are reported around monsoon, some of which are even fatal. The health department in the religious town of Varanasi has already put precautionary measures in place, with July designated as the anti-dengue month. The divisional hospital has created an eight-bed dengue ward to meet any eventuality. Cases of dengue are generally reported between mid-August and October. The Pune Municipal Corporation, too, has issued notices to five construction houses for not following sanitation norms and thereby providing breeding ground for mosquitoes responsible for spreading Dengue. Similar measures have been taken by the Delhi Government to keep the menace of Dengue at bay.
Because dengue fever is caused by a virus, there is no specific medicine or antibiotic to treat it. For typical dengue, the treatment is concerned with relief of the symptoms. Rest is of utmost importance, and so is fluid intake for hydration. Aspirin and anti-inflammatory drugs should only be taken under a doctor’s supervision because of the possibility of worsening bleeding complications. Drugs like Brufen and ibuprofen are a strict no!
In case of severe dengue fever, one might need Supportive care in a hospital and electrolyte replacement. The patient’s blood pressure needs to be monitored constantly and blood transfusion might be required to replace blood loss.
The main perpetrators of dengue are mosquitoes. Since there are no approved vaccines for the dengue virus, prevention depends on control of and protection from the bites of the mosquito that transmits it, since they are the vectors the dengue viruses require for transfer to humans. One can take the following precautionary measures against Dengue:
The primary method of controlling responsible mosquito is by eliminating its habitats. This is done by getting rid of open sources of water, or by adding insecticides or biological control agents to these areas. Since mosquitoes often breed in stagnant water, reducing open collections of water is the most common control method.
People can prevent mosquito bites by wearing clothing that fully covers the skin, using mosquito netting while resting, and/or the application of insect repellents.
It is very important to be aware of the causes and symptoms of dengue fever, else the patient’s condition worsens and the disease is bound to spread from other mosquitoes. In fact, dengue clusters have often been reported in rural India. Prevention is the only possible way to fight dengue and proper awareness is the key to good prevention and management of the endemic.
The increasing number of dengue cases in the capital has given rise to a panic among people. Even though dengue is life-threatening disease, it is easily preventable and manageable. It is caused by the bite of an infected Aedes Aegypti mosquito and a with the help of a few precautionary measures it is easily preventable. However, It is important to be aware of its complications and treatment.
According to International guidelines, unless a patient’s platelet count is below 10,000, and there is spontaneous, active bleeding, no platelet transfusion is required. The outbreak of dengue in the Capital has given rise to extreme panic. Hospital beds are full and families are seen running around in search of platelets for transfusion. However what most people do not realize is that the first line of treatment for dengue is not platelet transfusion. It, in fact, does more harm than good if used in a patient whose counts are over 10,000.
The primary cause of death in patients suffering from dengue is capillary leakage, which causes blood deficiency in the intravascular compartment, leading to multi-organ failure. At the first instance of plasma leakage from the intravascular compartment to the extravascular compartment, fluid replacement amounting to 20 ml per kg body weight per hour must be administered. This must be continued till the difference between the upper and lower blood pressure is over 40 mmHg, or the patient passes adequate urine. This is all that is required to treat the patient. Giving unnecessary platelet transfusion can make the patient more unwell.
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